Glossary

 


ACANTHUS

A plant that has inspired architectural design for centuries. Both Greeks and Romans carved stylized acanthus leaves at the tops of columns. The acanthus design, still popular today, is used as ornamentation on molding, corbels and other detail work.


ACCESSORY

In cabinetry, accessories are any elements added inside cabinets to enhance functionality or decoration. Accessory options include storage inserts and organizers and hardware


AGED FINISH

A specialty finish that gives cabinets the well-worn appearance of heirloom furniture. This lived-in look is created using over-sanding, edge rasping, dry-brushing and flyspecking (where tiny drops of paint are randomly, but carefully, spattered on the wood). A Suede DuraKraft™ topcoat completes the rustic look.


ALDER

Prized for its rustic, yet refined, appearance, Alder tends to have pale, pink-brown to tan undertones in its coloring and features several distinct characteristics, including open and closed knots, burls, mineral streaks and small cracks.


APPLIANCE PANEL

A decorative panel that gives appliances, such as refrigerators, dishwashers and freezers, a furniture-like appearance so they’re more integrated into the overall kitchen design.


APPLIED MOLDING

Decorative wood pieces added to some cabinet door and drawer styles in order to add definition and refinement. An applied molding most commonly appears on the inner edge of a door’s frame, outlining the center panel, sometimes with detail designs such as rope molding or beading.


ARCH DOOR

An arch-style door features a rounded, as opposed to square, shape at the top of the door’s center panel. Also referred to as a Roman door style


BACKSPLASH

A material, commonly tile, used to cover the wall space between kitchen countertops and wall cabinets. In the bath, a backsplash may only extend a few inches above the countertop. Backsplashes are popular because they are both decorative and functional.


BANQUETTE

A built-in bench that is made of low cabinets anchored to a wall. Often used in kitchens, a banquette creates a spot for dine-in functionality and can also offer additional storage.


BASE CABINET

These cabinets sit beneath the countertop and are installed on the floor, as opposed to wall cabinets, which are installed at eye level. Base cabinets tend to offer the most storage, often including shelving or other storage elements to maximize the space.


BEADED DETAIL

A decorative design element created by carving or routing an edge of a board to have a distinct profile. This detail adds dimension and shadow lines, which can be further accentuated by glaze finishes.


BEVEL

A cut that is made at an angle.


BLIND CORNER CABINET

A cabinet where part of the interior is obscured because of its placement between two other perpendicular cabinets. Swing-out shelving options make storage space easily accessible in these corner cabinets.


BURL

A burl is an abnormal tree growth, which leaves an unusual wood grain pattern. Burls can be caused by a variety of tree stressors, such as injury, fungus or insect infestation. Once considered unusable, burl wood is now sought-after for its unique, eclectic look.


BURNISHING

A technique that gives wood a welcoming, worn appearance. To achieve a look of aged fine furniture, the wood is first over-sanded. A darkening stain is then applied to the corners and raised areas of the doors and drawer fronts to complete the burnished effect.


CAMING

Commonly seen on stained-glass windows, caming is the metalwork found between glass pieces. Caming is used to create a decorative design pattern on glass cabinet doors.


CHERRY

Cherry is an elegant, multicolored hardwood, which may contain small knots and pinholes. Natural or light stains accent these color variations for a distinctive look and feel. Cherry wood naturally darkens (mellows) over time, adding to its rich, dynamic appearance.


CONTRASTING FINISH

Using more than one type of finish. For example, the base cabinets may have a dark finish, and the wall cabinets a light finish. Or part of an all-white kitchen, like an island, will have a bold color to create a focal point.


COPE AND STICK JOINT

A construction technique for door frames. This intricate joint creates a seamless decorative profile on the inside edge of the frame and a 90-degree connection where the wood joined together, as opposed to the miter-cut joint, which is at a 45-degree angle.


CORBEL

A decorative bracket that can also provide support for shelves, counter-tops or other materials.


COREGUARD® SINK BASE

A nonabsorbent, engineered polymer used in sink and vanity base cabinets to help protect against damage from spills and leaks, while also making cleaning easy. A KraftMaid® cabinetry exclusive.


CROWN MOLDING

In general, any type of decorative molding that is applied to the top of wall cabinets. Crown molding can be used to transition from cabinet to ceiling or to hide accent lighting.


DENTIL MOLDING

Trim molding with a square repeating pattern resembling teeth.


DISTRESSED TECHNIQUE

This finish technique replicates the look of reclaimed wood for an aged look. Artisans randomly rasp edges, apply worm holes, and over-sand to soften corners. A darkening stain is applied to sanded areas, corners and raised profiles before the base stain color is applied and hand wiped. A Suede DuraKraft topcoat adds a softer, matte sheen.


DOVETAIL

A woodworking technique used to join pieces of wood together at a right angle. Commonly found in cabinet drawers. Known for its resistance to pulling apart, this joinery involves cutting a series of trapezoid shapes, called tails and pins, where the edges of the two boards meet so that they fit together like a puzzle piece.


DRAWER GLIDE

Metal rails that allow a drawer to slide easily in and out of the cabinet. Rails may be located on each side of a drawer box or underneath the drawer’s bottom panel. KraftMaid uses bottom-mount slides that can support up to 90 lbs. and includes soft close mechanism to prevent unintentional slamming.


DURAKRAFT™ PLUS FINISHING SYSTEM

The process KraftMaid follows to ensure consistent quality in its cabinetry finishes. The system includes four key principles: selecting the highest grades of renewable American hardwoods; using state-of-the-art sanding machines, plus hand-sanding to ensure smoothness; meticulous application of stains and paints; and finishing cabinets with a two-layer, proprietary topcoat for unparalleled beauty and protection.


END PANEL

A decorative panel placed on an exposed end of a base or wall cabinet. The end panel finishes off the exposed end and integrates it with the rest of the cabinetry.


ENGINEERED WOOD

Boards composed of wood fibers and/or particles that have been bonded with synthetic resins under heat and pressure. Engineered wood is dimensionally more stable and offers a smoother bonding surface with laminates.


EVERCORE® ENGINEERED WOOD

Offered exclusively through KraftMaid, EverCore doors and drawer fronts are made from super-compressing wood fibers into an extra-solid material that is more resistant to expanding and contracting with the humidity when compared to natural wood. The super smooth surface is then painted to a crisp, grain-free finish. Additionally, EverCore is often more affordable than other natural wood options.


FACE FRAME

The wood pieces located between the door and the cabinet interior. Since at least part of a cabinet’s face frame is visible, it is usually made of the same material, and finished using the same techniques, as the cabinet doors and drawer fronts.


FILLER STRIP

A narrow piece added to cover gaps between two cabinets or between a cabinet and another space, such as a wall or appliance. Often these pieces are scribed to fill the uneven space created by an out-of-plumb wall or irregular material, like stone. Filler strips match the material and finish of the cabinetry for a cohesive appearance.


FINISH

After raw wood is cut and sanded, finish is applied to create a desired look and feel. Paint and stain are the most common finish options for cabinetry. Application may involve additional steps, such as glaze or highlights. KraftMaid offers several distinct finish options each with a protective topcoat to help ensure durability and beauty


FLAT PANEL

When the center panel is recessed from the cabinet frame, as opposed to raised. A flat, or recessed, panel cabinet door is a popular look and common in several design styles.


FLOOR PLAN

In kitchen and bath design, a floor plan is a two-dimensional drawing of a room from above. The drawing depicts the overall layout of all architectural elements and physical features, like windows and doors. By first plotting out the floor plan, your designer can then begin to indicate the number and types of cabinets you’ll need to complete the space.


FLUTED DETAIL

Parallel grooves or routings in wood added for decoration. Typically found on columns and decorative filler strips.


FOIL

Used as an alternate finish to paint or stain, a thin layer of solid-color material that’s applied with intense heat to adhere to the cabinet’s exterior. See also, Thermofoil.


FULL OVERLAY

A cabinet-building method where doors and drawers of each cabinet fit snugly together when closed, leaving very little of the cabinet face frame showing between. This creates a more seamless look and feel that gives prominence to the door and drawer style.


FURNITURE LEGS

In cabinetry, furniture legs may be used to support a counter-top overhang on a kitchen island or enhance a base cabinet run to have a more furniture-like appearance.


G-SHAPED KITCHEN

Similar to a U-shaped kitchen layout with cabinetry on three sides and continuous counter space, the G-shaped version also includes either a partial fourth side or kitchen island. This added cabinetry provides the most storage space of any kitchen layout option, but depending on the kitchen size, can make the room feel more cramped.


A common kitchen layout option where the work spaces face each other on parallel walls. These kitchen layouts maximize the storage and work space in a small area.


GLAZE

A finishing material that is applied after a piece is stained to further enhance carved details, and add depth to stain color.


HALF OVERLAY

Cabinetry designed with door and drawer fronts that extend one-half inch beyond their opening, which leaves more of the cabinet face frame visible. The half overlay is typically more affordable than full overlay where little of the cabinet frame is left showing.


HICKORY

Hickory is a strong, open-grained wood known for its grain pattern and dramatic variation in color. It’s not uncommon to see doors or parts of doors that range in color from light cream to a dark reddish brown when finished in a light or natural stain. Darker stains even out these color variations, while knots and burls still show through in the finished wood. Hickory is a popular choice for those who like a robust wood look and blends in well with a variety of design styles.


HIGHLIGHT TECHNIQUE

A finishing technique where glaze is applied with a brush to the recesses of doors and drawer fronts after a coat of base paint. This hand-applied technique adds a rich accent without changing the appearance of the overall base color.


HUTCH

A piece of furniture created with cabinetry that is used to display, serve and/or store. Also known as a buffet server or china cabinet.


I-BEAM CONSTRUCTION

In cabinet making, I-beam construction features wood that extends from the front to the back of base cabinets for added support and to ensure cabinets remain square during installation. Noted as a mark of quality, I-beam construction makes the cabinet stronger versus less effective and inexpensive methods such as stapled corner braces.


KNOT

As a tree trunk grows and expands, the places where the branches form and then fall off leave a mark, or a knot. In wood cabinets, these knots are a prominent characteristic in most wood, leaving a circular mark, which varies in size, that the grain flows around, creating unique, interesting patterns.


KITCHEN CABINET MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (KCMA)

The Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association (KCMA) is an independent organization that tests and certifies cabinetry to ensure high quality and durability standards. Cabinetry approved by the organization displays a quality-tested, KCMA-certified seal.


KITCHEN DESIGNER

TheA professional who focuses solely on planning and designing kitchens, offering guidance on the floor plan, aesthetics, storage solutions, decorative enhancements, lighting and much more. A kitchen designer works closely with clients to understand their needs and then develops a design plan, taking into consideration the desired look and feel, the functionality of the space and the budget for the project.


L-SHAPED KITCHEN

An L-shaped kitchen layout, is created from continuous counter space on two adjacent and perpendicular walls. The benefit of this kitchen floor plan is that it provides the cook with an efficient work area, along with an open space to interact with others while in the kitchen. Often this layout is designed to flow into a nearby room, creating a larger, open feel.


LAYOUT (AKA KITCHEN SHAPE)

The format that sets and determines the locations of your appliances, countertops and cabinets within your kitchen, thereby establishing work zones and the natural flow of traffic in and out of the room and seating areas. There are five basic kitchen layouts, each offering its own benefit: G-shaped, L-shaped and U-shaped kitchens, along with the single wall and galley options.


LAZY SUZAN

A storage accessory that uses a rotating shelf unit to maximize the space in otherwise hard-to-reach areas, such as corner units. Lazy Susan’s can include a single- or double-tier design, depending on the available space.


MAPLE

Maple is one of the hardest woods and appears mostly off-white in its raw state. Hard maple is somewhat uniform in appearance, making it ideal for smooth, clean looks. It is usually straight-grained, but can also be wavy or even curly. Hard maple may contain light hues of yellow-brown and gold, along with occasional mineral streaks.Noted for its even-toned wood, maple is a popular choice in both traditional and modern kitchen designs.


MATTE

When referring to cabinet finishes, those with an intentionally lower level of shine or luster. KraftMaid Suede topcoat has a matte finish.


MDF (MEDIUM DENSITY FIBERBOARD)

An engineered wood offering an extremely tight and smooth surface. Exceptionally stable, MDF is the favored material for laminating with thermofoils and melamine.


MINERAL STREAK

Naturally occurring streaks in wood caused by mineral deposits formed as the tree extracts nutrients from the soil. Common in many wood types, these mineral deposits cause blackish-blue streaks in the grain. Mineral streaks are often considered appealing in wood cabinetry, as they offer authenticity and character to the cabinetry’s look and feel.


MITER JOINT

A construction technique that joins two pieces of wood, each cut at a 45-degree angle, to form a right angle. One advantage of this joint is that it conceals all end grain at the joint.


MULLION

A vertical or horizontal element that separates pieces of glass in a frame. Often decorative, mullions can be made from a variety of materials, including wood and metal.


NATIONAL KITCHEN AND BATH ASSOCIATION (NKBA)

The National Kitchen and Bath Association (NKBA) is the leading, non-profit global trade organization representing those in the kitchen and bath industry. The organization was established in 1963 and offers a variety of resources for consumers and professionals.


OAK

Oak has a rich-textured, wavy grain pattern that ranges in color from light to medium brown. Its timeless look and feel is a popular choice in a variety of different kitchen and bath designs.


OGEE

This decorative profile is a refined, curving shape that resembles a backward-facing “s.” An ogee is often used to enhance the edges of traditionally-styled moldings, countertops and cabinet doors.


PASSPORT SERIES

A line of cabinets from KraftMaid engineered with universal design principles. These cabinets offer consumers a balance of beauty and accessibility.


PARTICLE BOARD

An engineered wood made from wood chips and binding materials. Particle board is often used in a cabinet’s skeleton, or box, along with shelving or other cabinet components that are not part of the outward-facing appearance. Particle board is a less expensive option when compared with plywood. However, particle board is heavier and less resistant to dents and scratches, making plywood a more desirable cabinetry material.


PENINSULA

In kitchen design, a peninsula is an extension that adds counter-top space, storage and/or seating by creating a perpendicular extension from base cabinets that are anchored to the wall. As opposed to a kitchen island, which is a stand-alone piece, a peninsula is connected to the main cabinetry on one side.


PLYWOOD

A manufactured wood made from thin layers, or plies, which are glued together to form a board. Plywood tends to be a more expensive option in cabinetry construction when compared with particle board. However, plywood is lighter and more resistant to dents and scratches, making it a more desirable cabinetry material.


PROFILE

In cabinetry, a profile is an intentionally-shaped edge, often found on the door frame surrounding the center panel. Profiles come in a variety of shapes and level of detail to create different styles.


PULL-OUT CABINET

A specialty cabinet designed to maximize storage space, by making that space more accessible. Instead of swinging open a door and reaching in, all the internal shelving and storage is attached to the cabinet door and extends out from the cabinet on glides, operating like a drawer.


PUNCH LIST

In remodelling, the punch list refers to a list of items, such as fixes and repairs necessary before the project is considered complete and the contractor is paid for services. For example, items on the list may be that scuffs on baseboards are touched up with paint, a cracked switch plate is replaced, appliances are reconnected properly, etc.


QUARTERSAWN

Quartersawning refers to the method of cutting wood, often oak. Boards are cut through the radius of the rings, which means more of the wavy grain and flaked patterns appear on the wood face. The quarter sawing wood appearance is popular in Arts and Crafts design.


RAIL

In cabinet design, the rail refers to the horizontal wood pieces on the top and bottom that make up a cabinet door frame. These connect with the vertical pieces of the door frame, or stiles.


RAISED PANEL

When the cabinet door’s center panel is slightly higher than the wood frame surrounding it, as opposed to a recessed panel. Panels are often bevel cut and/or profiled on each side to accentuate the raised effect.


RECESSED PANEL

When the center panel of the cabinet door frame is flat, or recessed from the frame, as opposed to raised.


RENDERING

A three-dimensional, computer-generated model of the room as planned. Since a rendering shows all elements of the space, including location of appliances and cabinet door styles and colors, homeowners see how the kitchen will appear once complete. (Or make changes before final orders are placed.)


ROLL-OUT TRAY

In cabinet design, a roll-out tray is a shelf that functions like a drawer to make storage items more accessible, particularly in hard-to-reach spaces like bottom cabinets.


ROSETTE

A decorative enhancement carved in a round shape resembling a stylized flower. It typically appears in traditional designs where two pieces of decorative trim come together.


ROUGH-IN

In remodeling terms, rough-in refers to routing the plumbing, electrical, HVAC and other lines to the spaces where they’ll be used, but not connecting them or hooking them up.


SHAKER STYLE

Uncluttered design style reflective of a society called Shakers, who prized simplicity in dress, speech and manner. Shaker-style cabinetry is square, unornamented and has a flat recessed center panel for a clean look that adapts well to many styles.


SHIPLAP

Originally used as siding or on walls inside rooms prior to the invention of plaster or drywall, shiplap refers to flat planks milled with opposing edges so that they overlap. This joint leaves only a small shadow line between each board. Today, designers use shiplap to create a modern, yet rustic appearance and is used most often on walls or kitchen islands.


SINGLE WALL KITCHEN

A kitchen layout type where all the workspace, including the appliances and the sink, are located along one wall. This approach can be useful especially in smaller homes.


SLAB DOOR

In cabinet design, this refers to a cabinet door without any frame or center panel. This door style is popular in modern and contemporary design styles for its sleek look.


SOFFIT

A dropped section of the ceiling that can be used to add architectural detail or hide plumbing, wiring or HVAC ducts. Soffits are often found in older homes between wall cabinets and the main ceiling.


SQUARE DOOR

This door style features a square center panel, as opposed to an arch top.


STILE

In cabinet design, the stile refers to the vertical wood pieces on the sides of a cabinet door frame. These are joined to the horizontal pieces, or rails, to make the door frame.


SUEDE TOPCOAT

An option in the DuraKraft™ Plus Finishing System, this matte topcoat finish has an intentionally lower level of shine. Suede topcoat is often used to accentuate aged or distressed finishes.


THERMOFOIL

A cabinetry finish in which a durable, solid-color material completely encases the door and drawer fronts. The material is adhered to the wood using intense heat and pressure. Thermofoils are popular choices for laundry rooms and mudrooms because they are easy to clean and offer more resistance to moisture.


TRANSLUCENT FINISH

A type of wood finish that offers all the color and brightness of paint without entirely concealing the wood’s natural character.


TOE KICK

The recessed space between the base cabinet and the floor is called the toe kick. It is designed to allow space for your feet so you can stand closer to the countertop.


TOP-HINGE CABINET

A horizontally-mounted wall cabinet with hinges on the top of the frame, so the door opens up instead of out. A top-hinge design allows for ease of use in reaching the space.


U-SHAPED KITCHEN

A kitchen layout with a continuous countertop and cabinets on three sides, forming a U. The U-shaped kitchen is the most versatile layout for kitchens of all sizes.


UNIVERSAL DESIGN

A design concept that ensures people of all ages, sizes and abilities can comfortably and safely function in a space.


V-GROOVE

On cabinet door panels, a V-groove is the result of carving lines of beveled channels with sharp bottoms into panels to create visual interest.


VALANCE

A decorative piece, often arched, placed at the top of a bookshelf or a toe kick of a single base cabinet to accent the open space behind it. Valances can also be used to connect two upper cabinets above a sink or as an extension hanging below a wood paneled exhaust hood.


VANITY CABINET

A cabinet that houses the bathroom sink(s), along with storage space. Vanities come in a variety of sizes, dimensions and configurations.


VENEER

In cabinetry, a thin piece of wood (or other material) that is applied on top of a substrate to give it a desired look. Veneers are often made from more expensive or rare wood and placed on top of a common wood type to offer an extravagant look without the high cost.


V-GROOVE

On cabinet door panels, a V-groove is the result of carving lines of beveled channels with sharp bottoms into panels to create visual interest.


VINTAGE TECHNIQUE

A finish technique designed to create the look of heirloom cabinetry that’s been well-used and gently worn. The wood is first distressed and over-sanded. Several coats of heavily pigmented stain are then applied followed by another round of over-sanding on the corners and edges of doors and drawer fronts.


VIRAGUARD™

A smooth melamine cladding used to cover particle board on the interior of a cabinet skeleton and on cabinet shelves. Designed and trademarked by KraftMaid, Viraguard offers superior water resistance for easier maintenance and cleanup.


WALL CABINET

Cabinets attached to the wall and installed at, or above, eye level. Sometimes called an upper cabinet.


WHISPER TOUCH® HINGE

An exclusive, soft-close hinge design that reduces slamming doors. A standard feature on all KraftMaid cabinets.


WOOD GRAIN

The pattern and texture within wood formed by growth rings of a tree. Grain patterns can be tight, fine and uniform or coarse and wavy depending on the type of wood and how it is cut.


WORK ZONE

An area that is designed to serve a specific purpose in the kitchen. For example, a Baking Zone may feature a pull-up mixer stand for convenient appliance storage and a portion of the counter at lower height for kneading dough. Work zones are highly customizable and are a modern approach to kitchen design – largely replacing the concept of a kitchen work triangle.


WORM HOLE

When an insect larva bores into wood, the resulting opening is known as a worm hole. These small holes are often revealed when old wood is milled. Certain finishing techniques feature man-made worm holes to create a vintage, aged look in the cabinet.